Available treatments for chronic pain
The medical language defines chronic pain as the pain that persists in a person for 3 to 6 months or more caused by an injury. The International Association for the study of pain classifies chronic pain as pain without biological value, continued even after the normal tissue healing. In other words, the pain that seems to last much longer than expected can be characterized as chronic pain syndrome. This sort of torment can affect the quality of the person’s life alongside causing mental disturbance.
The pain sensation begins as the nervous system sends signals to the area injured triggering the pain sensors alerting that you have been hurt. Usually these messages sent out by the brain comes to a stop when the injury has been completely healed but in case of chronic pain the brain still sends such messages even though the wound has completely healed.
Chronic pain has no fixed point of origin. Most common points of origin could be brain, spinal cord or the body. Various medications are prescribed, based on the reasons for generating the pain whether it was a damaged tissue or entirely neuropathic.
People suffering from this condition are generally vulnerable to depression, anxiety, disrupted sleep, fatigue or mood swings. The amount of physical activity engaged in gradually reduces due to the overpowering uncertainties of worsening the pain, often leading to weight gain, loss of stamina, reduced flexibility, loss of strength and energy moving towards dissatisfaction and disability. Chronic pain may be caused by an initial injury, like a back sprain, or may be an ongoing illness.
The severity of the pain, pain tolerance, and resilience to pain is attained by the kind of support that a person with chronic pain is given by their inmates.
Chronic pain syndrome can be classified into many sub categories like:
Chronic pain can be further divided as nociceptive and visceral.
Neuropathic pain can be diversified into peripheral pain which affects the peripheral nervous system first and central pain that the brain or spinal cord first experiences.
There is no test that can measure and trace the pain with accuracy. So, medical professionals rely on the patient’s own description of the pain like the type, timing, and area in pain whether the pain is sharp or dull, constant or irregular or inflaming or aching can help in giving an idea for cause of the pain. This is the initial stage in the diagnosis of pain.
As chronic pain can occur in a various of places in the body for different reasons, therefore the patients and their doctors need to draw a conclusion wherein they identify the causes and symptoms and as to how the pain can be relieved.
The main motive of treatment is to reduce chronic pain and improve the person’s condition, so that they can get back to their routine. There are a number of options for the treatment of chronic pain. The selection from the alternative treatments of chronic pain rely on the intensity of pain.
The most commonly prescribed medication by doctors is opioids for the treatment of chronic pain. They obstruct or minimize the pain signals.